Myanmar Timber Elephant Project


Jackson J., Mar K.U., Htut W., Childs, D.Z., Lummaa V. (2020) Changes in age-structure over four decades were a key determinant of population growth in a long-lived mammal. Journal of Animal Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/1365‐2656.13290

Lynsdale, C.L., Mon, N.O., dos Santos, D.J.F., Aung, H.H., Nyein, U.K., Htut, W., Childs, D., Lummaa, V. (2020) Demographic and reproductive associations with nematode infection in a long-lived mammal. Scientific Reports 10(9214). Download PDF. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-66075-w

Dierenfeld, Ellen S., Han, Yadana A. M., Mar, Khyne U., Aung, Aung, Aung Thura Soe, Lummaa, V., Lahdenperä M. (2020) Milk composition of Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) in a natural environment in Myanmar during late lactation. Animals 10(725). Download PDF. DOI: 10.3390/ani10040725

dos Santos, D.J.F., Jackson, J., Nyein, U.K., Lummaa, V. (2020) Sex differences in the reference intervals in health parameters in semicaptive Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) from Myanmar. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 51(1):25-38. Download PDF. DOI: 10.1638/2018-0818.

Crawley, J.A.H., Lahdenperä, M., Oo, Z.M., Htut, W., Nandar, H., Lummaa, V. (2020) Taming age mortality in semi-captive Asian elephants. Scientific Reports 10(1889). Download PDF. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-58590-7

Webb, J.L., Crawley, J.A.H., Seltmann, M.W., Liehrmann, O., Hemmings, N., Nyein, K.U., Aung, H.H., Htut W., Lummaa, V., Lahdenperä, M. (2020) Evaluating the reliability of non-specialist observers in the behavioural assessment of semi-captive Asian elephant welfare. Animals 10(167). Download PDF. DOI: 10.3390/ani10010167

Seltmann, M.W., Ukonaho S., Reichert, S., Dos Santos, D., Nyein, K.U., Htut W., Lummaa, V. (2020) Faecal clucocorticoid metabolites and H/L ratio are related markers of stress in semi-captive Asian timber elephants. Animals 10(1), 94. Download PDFDOI: 10.3390/ani10010094

Chapman, S., Jackson J., Htut W., Lummaa, V., Lahdenperä M. (2019) Asian elephants exhibit post-reproductive lifespans. BMC Evolutionary Biology. Download PDFDOI: 10.1186/s12862-019-1513-1

Lahdenperä M., Jackson J., Htut W., Lummaa, V. (2019) Capture from the wild has long-term costs on reproductive success in Asian elephants. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Biological Sciences 286(1912). Download PDFDOI: 10.1098/rspb.2019.1584

Lynch E. C., Lummaa, V., Htut W., Lahdenperä M. (2019) Evolutionary significance of maternal kinship in a long-lived mammal. Phil. Trans. R. Soc B. 374: 20180067. Download PDFDOI: 10.1098/rstb.2018.0067

Reichert S., Berger V., Jackson J., Chapman S. N., Htut W., Mar K. U., Lummaa, V. (2019) Maternal age at birth shapes offspring life-history trajectory across generations in long-lived Asian elephants. Journal of Animal Ecology.  Download PDFDOI: 10.1111/1365‐2656.13049

Jackson J., Childs, D.Z., Mar K.U., Htut W., Lummaa V. (2019) Long-term trends in wild-capture and population dynamics point to an uncertain future for captive elephants. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 286(1899). Download PDFDOI: 10.1098/rspb.2018.2810

Seltmann M., Helle S., Htut W., Lahdenperä M. (2019) Males have more aggressive and less sociable personalities than females in semi-captive Asian elephants. Scientific Reports. Download PDF.  DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-39915-7

Crawley J.A.H., Lahdenperä M., Seltmann M.W., Htut W., Aung H.H., Nyein K., & Lummaa V. (2019) Investigating changes within the handling system of the largest semi-captive population of Asian elephants. PLoS ONE 14(1). Download PDF

Lahdenperä M., Mar K.U., Courtiol A. & Lummaa V. (2018) Differences in age-specific mortality between wild-caught and captive-born Asian elephants. Nature Communications. Download PDF

Seltmann M.W., Helle S., Adams M.J., Mar K.U. & Lahdenperä M. (2018) Evaluating the personality structure of semi-captive Asian elephants living in their natural habitat. Royal Society Open Science.  Download PDF

Han Y.A.M, Dierenfeld E.S., Mar K.U., Lahdenperä M., Lummaa V. and Aung A.A. (2018) Simple, Practical Method for Measurement of Fat in Milk, Applied to Mid- to Late-Lactating Working Elephants in Myanmar. Nov Tech Nutri Food Sci. 2(4). NTNF.000541. Download PDF. DOI: 10.31031/NTNF.2018.02.000541

Lynsdale C.L., Mumby H.S., Hayward A.D., Mar K.U. & Lummaa V. (2017) Parasite- associated mortality in a long- lived mammal: Variation with host age, sex, and reproduction. Ecology and Evolution November 2017. Download PDF

Crawley J.A.H., Mumby H.S., Chapman S.N., Lahdenperä M., Mar K.U., Htut W., Thura Soe A., Aung H.H. & Lummaa V. (2017) Is bigger better? The relationship between size and reproduction in female Asian elephants. Journal of Evolutionary Biology July 2017. Download PDF

Lahdenperä M., Mar, K.U., Lummaa V. (2016) Nearby grandmother enhances calf survival and reproduction in Asian elephants. Scientific Reports 6: 27213
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Chapman S.N., Mumby H.S., Crawley J.A.H., Mar K.U., Htut W., Thura Soe A., Aung H.H., Lummaa V. (2016) How Big Is It Really? Assessing the Efficacy of Indirect Estimates of Body Size in Asian Elephants. PLoS One 11(3):e0150533.
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Crawley J.A.H., Chapman S.N., Lummaa V. & Lynsdale C.L. (2016) Testing storage methods of faecal samples for subsequent measurement of helminth egg numbers in the domestic horse. Veterinary Parasitology. Download PDF

Mumby H.S., Chapman S.N., Crawley J.A.H., Mar K.U., Htut W., Thura Soe A., Aung H.H. & Lummaa V. (2015) Distinguishing between determinate and indeterminate growth in a long-lived mammal. BMC evolutionary biology 15: 214
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Mumby H.S., Mar K.U., Hayward A.D., Htut W., Htut-Aung Y., & Lummaa V. (2015) Elephants born in the high stress season have faster reproductive senescence. Scientific Reports 5: 13946
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Lahdenperä M., Mar, K.U., Lummaa V. (2015) Short-term and delayed effects of mother death on calf mortality in Asian elephants. Behavioral Ecology
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Lynsdale C.L., Franco dos Santos D., Hayward A.D., Mar K.U., Htut W., Aung H.H., Soe A.T., Lummaa V. (2015) A standardised faecal collection protocol for intestinal helminth egg counts in Asian elephants, Elephas maximus. International Journal of Parasitology- Parasites and Wildlife 4:307–315
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Mumby H.S., Mar K.U., Thitaram C., Courtiol A., Towiboon P., Min-Oo Z., Htut-Aung Y, Brown J.L., Lummaa V. (2015) Stress and body condition are associated with demography of Asian elephants. Conservation Physiology 3:1
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Hayward A.D., Mar, K.U., Lahdenperä M., Lummaa V. (2014): Early reproductive investment, senescence and lifetime reproductive success in female Asian elephants. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 27: 772-783
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Lahdenperä M., Mar, K.U., Lummaa V. (2014): Reproductive cessation and post-reproductive lifespan in female Asian elephants compared to humans. Frontiers in Zoology 11:54
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Mar K.U. (2013): Birth sex ratio and determinants of fecundity in female timber elephants of Myanmar. Gajah 38:8-18
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Mumby H.S., Courtiol A., Mar K.U., Lummaa V. (2013): Climatic variation and age-specific survival in Asian elephants from Myanmar. Ecology 94:1131-1141
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Mumby H.S., Courtiol A., Mar K.U., Lummaa V. (2013): Birth seasonality and calf mortality in a large population of Asian elephants. Ecology and Evolution 11:3794-3803
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Robinson M.R., Mar K.U., Lummaa V. (2012):
Senescence and age-specific trade-offs between reproduction and survival in female Asian elephants. Ecology Letters 15:260-266
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Mar, K.U., Lahdenperä M., Lummaa V. (2012): Causes and correlates of calf mortality in captive Asian Elephants. PLoS One 7(3):e32335
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Clubb, R., Rowcliffe, M., Lee, P., Mar, K.U., Moss, C., Mason, G.J. (2009): Fecundity and population viability in female zoo elephants: problems and possible solutions. Animal Welfare, 18:237-247
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Clubb, R., Rowcliffe, M.J., Lee, P.C., Mar, K.U., Mason, G.J. (2008):
Compromised survivorship in zoo elephants Science, 322:1649
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Kurt, F, Mar, K.U, Garai, M.E. (2008): Giants in Chains: History, Biology and preservation of Asian elephants in Asia; In: Never Forgetting: Elephants and Ethics. John Hopkins University Press

Mar, K.U. (2007): The demography and life-history strategies of timber elephants in Myanmar. PhD thesis, University College London, UK.

Mar, K.U. (2006): Veterinary problems of geographical concern; Myanmar. In Elephant Biology, Medicine and Surgery. Blackwell Publishing

Mar, K.U. (1996): Captive breeding of Asian elephants in Myanmar: an analysis of the reproductive parameters of domestic female elephants of Myanmar. FAO Regional Office for Asia and Pacific 23(4):6-13

Hartl, G.B., Tiedemenn, R., Gmeiner C., Nadlinger, K., Mar, K.U., Kurt, F. (1996): Population genetics and systematics of Asian elephants. Z. Saugetierkunde 61:285-294

Kurt, F., Mar, K.U. (1996): Neonate mortality in captive Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). Z. Saugetierkunde 61:155-164
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Schmidt, M.J., Mar, K.U. (1996): Reproductive performance of captive Asian elephants in Myanmar. Gajah 16:23-42
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